Season of Planting
The land is brought to fine tilth by giving two crosswise ploughing. In North Indian plains, watermelons
are sown in February-March whereas in North eastern and western India best time of sowing is during
November to January. In South and Central India, where winter is neither severe nor long, these are
grown almost round the year.
Methods of Planting
Before sowing seeds are soaked in luke warm water for 12 hours. The water is drained out and the
seeds are kept overnight in a wet gunny bag. This treatment increases the germination percentage.
Normally 1.5-2.0 kg of seeds are required for planting one hectare area. Various system of sowing has
been adopted depending on the season and system of cultivation.
In this method, furrows are opened at a distance of 2-3 m apart. Sowing is done on either sides of
furrows and the vines are allowed to trail on the ground. 3-4 seeds are dibbled at a distance of 60-90 cm
along the furrow.
In case of pit method, pits of size 60 x 60 x 60 cm are dug at spacing of 2-3.5 x 0.6-1.2 m and filled with
FYM and soil in equal proportions. Four seeds per pit are sown and finally two to three healthy vines
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